Monday, 8 October 2012

Denifisi Bentuk


 Definisi Bahasa Melayu :
Bentuk secara amnya merujuk kepada rupa dan konfigurasi sesuatu objek, berbeza dengan jirim, kandungan, atau bahannya; oleh itu, sesuatu ucapan boleh mengandungi alasan (bahannya) yang amat baik, manakala gaya, tatabahasa, susunan (bentuknya) mungkin buruk. "Bentuk merangkumi struktur karya; kandungan merangkumi bahan, maksud, idea, atau kesan pengungkapannya." (Middleton 1999, m.s. 141)

Definisi  Bahasa Inggeris :
The shape (Old English: gesceap, created thing) of an object located in some space is a geometrical description of the part of that space occupied by the object, as determined by its external boundary – abstracting from location and orientation in space, size, and other properties such as colour, content, and material composition.
Mathematician and statistician David George Kendall writes:[1]
In this paper ‘shape’ is used in the vulgar sense, and means what one would normally expect it to mean. [...] We here define ‘shape’ informally as ‘all the geometrical information that remains when location, scale[2] and rotational effects are filtered out from an object.’
Simple shapes can be described by basic geometry objects such as a set of two or more points, a line, a curve, a plane, a plane figure (e.g. square or circle), or a solid figure (e.g. cube or sphere). Most shapes occurring in the physical world are complex. Some, such as plant structures and coastlines, may be so arbitrary as to defy traditional mathematical description – in which case they may be analyzed by differential geometry, or as fractals.

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